Nižji stroški in udobnejša vožnja z električnimi avtomobili

Nakup električnega avtomobila ne pomeni le manjšega vpliva na okolje, ampak je pametna odločitev tudi s finančnega stališča. Z naraščanjem števila polnilnic pa je tudi vožnja brezskrbna in udobna. O predostih električnih avtomobilov smo se pogovarjali z Dušanom Lukičem, vodjo projekta Nova mobilnost pri Porsche Slovenija.

20.08.2020 Avtor: Audi Team  Fotografije: Arhiv Audi

“We only create things that can become real in some form. The technology has to exist to make the concept feasible.”

Christian Bolognesi, Italdesign spokesman

Kaj pa pravne osebe? Vlada je leta 2019 občutno znižala boniteto za uporabo službenih električnih vozil v zasebne namene? Kako se ta občuti na stroških službenega vozila v praksi?

V primerjavi s službenim avtomobilom z motorjem z notranjim zgorevanjem ima uporabnik električnega službenega avtomobila, ki ga uporablja tudi v zasebne namene, veliko manjše stroške. Boniteta se namreč obračuna po 0,3-odstotni namesto 1,5-odstotni stopnji . Ugodnejša boniteta je omejena na vozila, ki vključno z davkom na dodano vrednost ne presegajo 60 tisoč evrov, za avtomobile nad to mejo pa velja klasična boniteta. Na primer: pri Audiju e-tron s ceno 90 tisoč evrov je bruto bonitete 630 evrov, pri Audiju Q8 z isto ceno pa je bruto bonitete 1.350 evrov. 

polnjenje električnega Audi e-trona

Kakšne so prednosti nakupa električnega družinskega avtomobila in pod kakšnimi pogoji je to smiselno?

Nakup električnega, družinskega ali poslovnega avtomobila je smiseln za skorajda vsakogar, izjema so le tisti, ki opravljajo veliko res dolgih in hitrih poti, in tisti, ki nimajo možnosti polnjenja doma, hkrati pa se ne želijo prilagajati omejitvam, ki jih to prinaša. Za vse ostale je električni avto odlična rešitev. Kljub nekaj višji nabavni ceni (ki pa jo precej zmanjša subvencija Eko sklada), je strošek njegove uporabe nižji od primerljivega avtomobila z motorjem z notranjim izgorevanjem. Največja razlika je pri stroških za gorivo: ti tudi pri najbolj varčnih dizelskih modelih le stežka padejo pod 4 evre za 100 kilometrov, medtem ko bo večina lastnikov električnih vozil za elektriko plačevala le okoli 1 evro na 100 kilometrov. Ponekod je polnjenje celo zastonj - predvsem na nekaterih javnih polnilnih postajah, seveda pa ne smemo zanemariti še drugih ugodnosti. Tako je za električne avtomobile parkiranje marsikje brezplačno, ugodnejši so stroški registracije in ponekod še zavarovanja, za približno polovico nižji pa so tudi stroški rednega vzdrževanja. K temu lahko dodamo še veliko lagodnejšo vožnjo in serijsko vgrajene funkcije, ki jih je treba pri klasičnih vozilih dokupiti, kjer se to sploh da (na primer predgretje ali predhlajenje vozila prek aplikacije na pametnem mobilniku ali s časovnikom v vozilu).

Kaj pa pravne osebe? Vlada je leta 2019 občutno znižala boniteto za uporabo službenih električnih vozil v zasebne namene? Kako se ta občuti na stroških službenega vozila v praksi?

V primerjavi s službenim avtomobilom z motorjem z notranjim zgorevanjem ima uporabnik električnega službenega avtomobila, ki ga uporablja tudi v zasebne namene, veliko manjše stroške. Boniteta se namreč obračuna po 0,3-odstotni namesto 1,5-odstotni stopnji . Ugodnejša boniteta je omejena na vozila, ki vključno z davkom na dodano vrednost ne presegajo 60 tisoč evrov, za avtomobile nad to mejo pa velja klasična boniteta. Na primer: pri Audiju e-tron s ceno 90 tisoč evrov je bruto bonitete 630 evrov, pri Audiju Q8 z isto ceno pa je bruto bonitete 1.350 evrov.

On board with Angus

“The aeronautical-inspired seatsfeature netting that adjusts to each passenger’s shape.”

Nicolas Bussetti, Designer, Italdesign

The concept certainly appears cool and suitably futuristic, both from outside and inside the ultra-minimalist cabin. My details and my ‘journey’ have already been pre-registered on an app on my smartphone and, as I settle into the seat, I’m recognised and welcomed aboard by PIA, my speaking Personal Intelligent Assistant. The seats certainly feel comfortable, and, currently, there’s sufficient space behind them to hold a couple of small bags, although it’s possible the flying taxi will be smaller in size when it reaches production. The ‘dashboard’ in front of me is one large screen that incorporates augmented-reality technology and enables me to highlight icons simply by moving my eyes


By pressing on a small touchpad mounted between the seats, I can then choose the ambient-lighting theme I desire, and the type of music I wish to listen to through the speakers built into the headrests. Naturally, there is plenty of glass area to provide occupants with a fine view as they soar over the city, although the floor below my feet is not transparent – and deliberately so, as Nicolas points out: ‘We wanted to create an open environment that enables passengers to enjoy the experience, but we also wanted to ensure they felt safe and weren’t frightened.’

Ugodnejši nakup električnega avtomobila s subvencijo Eko sklada

Prihodnost je trajnostna in vznemirljiva. Z razvojem domačih elektrarn in razvejano mrežo javnih polnilnic so električni avtomobili pametna investicija, ki s subvencijo Eko sklada lahko postane še bolj ugodna.

Preberite več
Dušan Lukič

Kakšni so letni stroški električnega avtomobila v primerjavi s klasičnimi in po kolikšnem času se nakup res obrestuje?

To je zelo odvisno od modela in načina uporabe, upoštevati je treba namreč število prevoženih kilometrov in podobne dejavnike. A že hiter izračun pokaže, da uporabnik službenega vozila, ki ga vozi tudi zasebno, gorivo pa plačuje sam, pri 25.000 kilometrih na leto z Audijem e-tron pri gorivu prihrani vsaj tisočaka, pri boniteti pa še dobrih sedem tisočakov. Morebitna razlika v ceni se torej zelo hitro izenači. Zgodba je podobna tudi pri manjših, družinskih vozilih – tam razlike v ceni zaradi ugodnega financiranja in subvencije skorajda ni, pri prevoženih 15 tisoč kilometrih na leto pa je prihranek pri gorivu lahko blizu 500 evrom.

Ali naša infrastruktura polnilnic podpira dokaj udobno potovanje z električnim avtomobilom?

Polnilna infrastruktura v Sloveniji je zelo dobro razvita, saj imamo prek 800 polnilnic, med njimi bo do konca leta 2020 tudi okoli 100 hitrih polnilnic. Poleg tega so razdalje po Sloveniji kratke in jih večina sodobnih električnih avtomobilov tako ali tako zmore brez polnjenja. Povprečen Slovenec na dan prevozi manj kot 50 kilometrov, kar pomeni, da bi se z e-tronom brez polnjenja lahko vozil ves teden. Tudi poti med večjimi mesti ali do obale so povsem preproste, saj lahko na cilju avto napolnite za pot nazaj, čeprav to običajno ni potrebno. Iz Ljubljane v Portorož in nazaj boste z e-tronom prišli brez polnjenja. Tudi daljše poti izven meja Slovenije niso težavne – Audijeva kartica za polnjenje naših električnih vozil omogoča dostop do nekaj deset tisoč polnilnih postaj po Evropi, med katerimi so tudi ultra hitre polnilnice sistema Ionity, ki medtem, ko pijete kavo, avto napolnijo za nekaj 100 kilometrov poti.

Iz Ljubljane v Portorož in nazaj boste z e-tronom prišli brez polnjenja.

Dušan Lukič, vodja projekta Nova mobilnost pri Porsche Slovenija

Dušan Lukič

Dušan Lukič

Dušan Lukič sodi med vodilne slovenske strokovnjake na področjih e-mobilnosti, novih oblik trajnostne mobilnosti in digitalizacije mobilnosti. V več kot dvajsetletni karieri je kot avtomobilistični novinar in urednik preizkusil več tisoč različnih avtomobilov. Odkar je sredi devetdesetih let prejšnjega stoletja prvič sedel za volan električnega avtomobila, ga ta tematika neustavljivo privlači. Leta 2019 je novinarske vode zamenjal za ustvarjanje novih konceptov in storitev. V podjetju Porsche Slovenija vodi projekt Nova mobilnost.

The journey is the reward

The company has already conducted a flight in public, at Drone Week in Amsterdam last year – but using a 1:4 scale model. The flight module accurately placed a passenger capsule on the ground module, which then drove from the test grounds autonomously. This proved the effectiveness of the Airbus coupling system and its locking and latching functionality. The air module currently rests on legs to make docking easier, but it’s envisaged that such legs would not be required by the time the concept reaches production.

To make the project with full-sized versions viable, more powerful batteries than those that exist today would be required, and Airbus is currently working on developing such technology. Noise is another issue, and reduction of the high-pitched whirring familiar to anyone who has witnessed even a small drone in flight is being sought. Italdesign is working with Audi to develop battery and electric-motor technology for the ground module – an area in which Audi’s engineers have already proven highly competent, as the recent launch of the e-tron SUV testifies. Therefor an Audi engineer is also based with the Italdesign team in Italy.

Kakšen profil kupcev se v Sloveniji odloča za nakup električnih avtomobilov?

Na začetku so bili to seveda ljubitelji novih tehnologij in tisti, ki so želeli z izbiro avtomobila takoj prispevati k čistejšemu okolju. Sedaj pa so se tem pridružili tudi čisto običajni vozniki, ki so ugotovili, da je uporaba električnega avtomobila ne le ekološko, temveč tudi finančno učinkovita, hkrati pa udobnejša od klasičnega avtomobila. Nižji stroški in avto, ki vas segret ali ohlajen na želeno temperaturo vsako jutro pričaka s polnim »tankom«, bencinski servis pa vidite le še od daleč, prepričajo tudi tiste, ki sicer niso navdušenci nad vedno najnovejšo tehnologijo.

2020-08_audi_dusan lukic etron sportback_02

 

So spodbude države za prehod na električno mobilnost učinkovite? Kako hitro bomo posvojili to tehnologijo v primerjavi z drugimi državami EU?

Spodbude obstajajo, kar je pohvalno, za slovenske razmere tudi niso slabe. 6.000 evrov samo nakupno ceno zelo približa klasičnemu avtomobilu, skupen strošek uporabe pa je zato nižji. Še pomembneje je, da obstajajo tudi ugodna financiranja električnih vozil, s katerimi njihov celoten mesečni strošek uporabe (z gorivom vred) lahko znižate na nivo, ki je primerljiv ali nižji od vrednosti samega financiranja klasičnega vozila. Ko k temu dodamo še bonitete,nižje dajatve ob registraciji in še nekatere nefinančne ugodnosti (lažje parkiranje v mestu in podobno), je spodbud za lastništvo kar veliko. Bi pa bila lahko sama subvencija strukturirana drugače (na primer: nižji DDV namesto denarne subvencije), poleg tega pa bi bilo treba več spodbude nameniti tudi razvoju infrastrukture. Še bolj pa je nujna debirokratizacija postavljanja zasebnih polnilnih postaj v večstanovanjskih objektih.

1920x2500-mobil-e-mobility-blue-sky-thinking-036

The journey is the reward

The company has already conducted a flight in public, at Drone Week in Amsterdam last year – but using a 1:4 scale model. The flight module accurately placed a passenger capsule on the ground module, which then drove from the test grounds autonomously. This proved the effectiveness of the Airbus coupling system and its locking and latching functionality. The air module currently rests on legs to make docking easier, but it’s envisaged that such legs would not be required by the time the concept reaches production.

To make the project with full-sized versions viable, more powerful batteries than those that exist today would be required, and Airbus is currently working on developing such technology. Noise is another issue, and reduction of the high-pitched whirring familiar to anyone who has witnessed even a small drone in flight is being sought. Italdesign is working with Audi to develop battery and electric-motor technology for the ground module – an area in which Audi’s engineers have already proven highly competent, as the recent launch of the e-tron SUV testifies. Therefor an Audi engineer is also based with the Italdesign team in Italy.

small text

heading

text

button

“It’ll take a while for the drones to arrive in great numbers – maybe by 2030.”

Massimo Martinotti, head of mobility solutions, Italdesign

So, let’s assume that the technology can be developed to make the flying taxi operate safely, all legislative issues can be successfully resolved, and the public is happy not only to travel in such a vehicle but also to live in a city with them flying overhead. How might it all work in practice, and by when might it happen? ‘It’ll take a while for the drones to arrive in great numbers – maybe by 2030,’ explains Massimo. ‘We estimate that there could be 200,000 to 300,000 of them in operation all over the world by then, and several thousand could be deployed in a city like London. We envisage that, to start with, they’d operate in strict air corridors only, perhaps flying from the airport and landing on a tower downtown. But, in the long term, it may be possible to open up the sky and give them more freedom.’


While the current model is being designed to have a short, cross-city range, Massimo surmises that, as technology advances, it may even be possible for longer journeys to be undertaken. Massimo however is convinced the flying taxi will become a reality and is clearly very much looking forward to taking a flight in it. ‘After all,’ he adds with a smile, ‘humankind has always had the dream of taking to the sky, right back to the time of Leonardo da Vinci and his flying machines.’

1920x2500-mobil-e-mobility-blue-sky-thinking-036

The journey is the reward

The company has already conducted a flight in public, at Drone Week in Amsterdam last year – but using a 1:4 scale model. The flight module accurately placed a passenger capsule on the ground module, which then drove from the test grounds autonomously. This proved the effectiveness of the Airbus coupling system and its locking and latching functionality. The air module currently rests on legs to make docking easier, but it’s envisaged that such legs would not be required by the time the concept reaches production.

To make the project with full-sized versions viable, more powerful batteries than those that exist today would be required, and Airbus is currently working on developing such technology. Noise is another issue, and reduction of the high-pitched whirring familiar to anyone who has witnessed even a small drone in flight is being sought. Italdesign is working with Audi to develop battery and electric-motor technology for the ground module – an area in which Audi’s engineers have already proven highly competent, as the recent launch of the e-tron SUV testifies. Therefor an Audi engineer is also based with the Italdesign team in Italy.

1920x2500-mobil-e-mobility-blue-sky-thinking-036

The journey is the reward

The company has already conducted a flight in public, at Drone Week in Amsterdam last year – but using a 1:4 scale model. The flight module accurately placed a passenger capsule on the ground module, which then drove from the test grounds autonomously. This proved the effectiveness of the Airbus coupling system and its locking and latching functionality. The air module currently rests on legs to make docking easier, but it’s envisaged that such legs would not be required by the time the concept reaches production.

To make the project with full-sized versions viable, more powerful batteries than those that exist today would be required, and Airbus is currently working on developing such technology. Noise is another issue, and reduction of the high-pitched whirring familiar to anyone who has witnessed even a small drone in flight is being sought. Italdesign is working with Audi to develop battery and electric-motor technology for the ground module – an area in which Audi’s engineers have already proven highly competent, as the recent launch of the e-tron SUV testifies. Therefor an Audi engineer is also based with the Italdesign team in Italy.

1920x2500-mobil-e-mobility-blue-sky-thinking-036

The journey is the reward

The company has already conducted a flight in public, at Drone Week in Amsterdam last year – but using a 1:4 scale model. The flight module accurately placed a passenger capsule on the ground module, which then drove from the test grounds autonomously. This proved the effectiveness of the Airbus coupling system and its locking and latching functionality. The air module currently rests on legs to make docking easier, but it’s envisaged that such legs would not be required by the time the concept reaches production.

To make the project with full-sized versions viable, more powerful batteries than those that exist today would be required, and Airbus is currently working on developing such technology. Noise is another issue, and reduction of the high-pitched whirring familiar to anyone who has witnessed even a small drone in flight is being sought. Italdesign is working with Audi to develop battery and electric-motor technology for the ground module – an area in which Audi’s engineers have already proven highly competent, as the recent launch of the e-tron SUV testifies. Therefor an Audi engineer is also based with the Italdesign team in Italy.

small text

heading

text

button
Audi e-tron
Ugodnejši nakup električnega avtomobila s subvencijo Eko sklada

Ugodnejši nakup električnega avtomobila s subvencijo Eko sklada

Prihodnost je trajnostna in vznemirljiva. Z razvojem domačih elektrarn in razvejano mrežo javnih polnilnic so električni avtomobili pametna investicija, ki s subvencijo Eko sklada lahko postane še bolj ugodna.

Preberite več
2020-01-AudiLab_newsletter_01
2020-01-AudiLab_newsletter_01

Novičnik

AudiLab Slovenija

Enkrat mesečno iz naše online revije AudiLab Slovenija pripravljamo izbor zanimivih člankov o inovacijah, e-mobilnosti, trajnostnem razvoju, doživetjih, življenjskem slogu, Audi športu in posebnih ponudbah iz našega prodajnega programa. Naročite ga v svoj e-nabiralnik.

Naročam novičnik